Gum (Periodontal) Disease

Commonly known as gum disease, periodontal disease will affect the majority of people at some stage throughout their lives. Periodontal disease develops and progresses when the bacterium found in decay and plaque attacks the gum tissue and delves into the surrounding bone and ligaments that support healthy tooth structure.

In its early stages periodontal disease is referred to as gingivitis and can be characterised through puffy, swollen or red gums which may bleed when brushing or flossing. Bad breath and a sour taste in the mouth are also common symptoms. Nevertheless, many people remain asymptomatic which is why it is important to attend regular check-ups to ensure its early detection and prevention before it escalates into periodontitis.

Periodontitis is a more serious condition which has been linked to diabetes, stroke and heart disease. This stage of gum disease occurs when the bacteria passes the soft tissues and gums and begins to attach the surrounding bone and ligaments. If left untreated periodontitis can result in a recession of the surrounding bone and subsequent tooth loss. Although periodontitis cannot be reversed, in can be effectively stopped and treated to prevent it spreading.

If you are suffering from any of the above symptoms, or if it’s been a while since you checked in with your dentist, contact our friendly team and arrange a consultation.